a) The purpose of this program is to raise employee awareness of the requirement for all employees to not only be physically able to perform their job functions, but also mentally able.
2. Employee Expectations and Requirements
a) Employees shall be physically able to perform assigned job functions.
i. Where permissible pre-employment physicals will be required for safety sensitive roles.
ii. Ammonia is a colorless gas with a characteristic pungent smell, it may be in a liquid or gas form. Ammonia has a density of 0.589 times that of atmospheric air, atmospheric air being 1.0. This implies that ammonia will rise in an area and not settle.
iii. Ammonia is detectable by your nose at as little as 3PPM. At 300 PPM ammonia is IDLH (Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health), some household cleaners can emit between 5-50 PPM. Therefore ammonia has a strong odor and it provides excellent warning properties. If an individual smells ammonia they must evacuate the area immediately. Any person exposed to ammonia vapors or smell must be immediately moved to fresh air immediately.
iv. There are many uses for ammonia, but for ESCO Group employees we may see it used in refrigeration systems, fertilizer and many household cleaners and products. Under the wrong conditions ammonia can be toxic, deadly and explosive. Only trained, qualified and authorized persons may perform work on ammonia systems. Prior to beginning work in an area where ammonia is present employees shall be aware of ammonia hazards and know the site specific emergency plans that are in place and understand signs of exposure.
v. Symptoms of exposure to ammonia are as follows:
1. Irritation of eyes, nose and throat
2. Difficulty breathing (Dyspnea)
4. Chest pain/discomfort
5. Skin burns
6. Pulmonary edema
vi. If one is working on ammonia systems the person must wear the appropriate ppe (goggles, faceshield, respirator, and impervious gloves and have escape emergency air packs available.
a) Employees working in a facility that has Ammonia as a PSM chemical will be provided the regulatory training that includes the following requirements:
i. Communication of the hazards
ii. Health effects and routes of exposure
iii. Engineering controls
iv. Ammonia monitoring
v. Emergency procedures
b) Training will be documented and kept on file for a minimum of 5 years.